[Classic of Changes]
For more than two thousand years the Yijing or Classic of Changes (also transliterated I Ching and often known as Book of Changes) was viewed as the ‘first of the [Chinese] Classics’, a divination manual and repository of abstruse wisdom that had a profound effect on virtually every aspect of traditional Chinese culture—from language, philosophy, religion, art and literature to politics, social life, mathematics, science and medicine. In the twentieth century, however, the Changes came to be stigmatized as a ‘feudal’ relic that reflected ‘superstitious’ practices and reflected a discredited ideology (Confucianism). This was especially true after the Chinese Communists came to power in 1949.
But from 1978 onward, thanks to the ‘Open Policy’ inaugurated in that year, the Yijing has made a remarkable comeback. ‘Traditional’ beliefs and practices are no longer stigmatized in the way that they had been prior to Mao Zedong’s death, and China’s ongoing ‘spiritual crisis’ (jingshen weiji) has prompted many Chinese to look for intellectual stimulation, spiritual inspiration or divinatory guidance in the Yijing.
Meanwhile, the Changes emerged as an object of intense scholarly interest. An historic 1984 conference in Wuhan, for example, produced 120 papers and five specialized volumes, generating much enthusiasm and material for further research by Chinese and foreign scholars alike. Even the People’s Daily got into the act, publishing three successive articles (18, 19 and 21 November, 1988) designed to introduce readers to new developments in Yijing research. A year later, Professor Liu Zheng, writing in the journal Zhexue yanjiu [Philosophical Research], pointed out that ‘Within the last decade, our country’s publishers, large and small, have published and republished thirty to forty works on the study of the Yijing, and two to three hundred articles on the subject have… [appeared] in our scholarly journals.’ Such articles now number in the thousands.
One prominent theme in Chinese scholarship during the 1980s and 1990s was the idea that the Changes was a ‘scientific’ document, which anticipated many modern developments in mathematics, physics, biology and computer theory. Feng Youlan, for example, maintained that the Yijing contained an incipient ‘algebra of the universe’; and Xie Qiucheng went so far as to claim that the hexagrams of the classic were originally designed as a high efficiency information transfer system analogous to contemporary computer coding based on optimal units of two (the number of basic trigrams in each hexagram) and three (the number of lines in each trigram). Tang Mingbang, drawing on the writings of Xie and other contemporary Chinese scholars, asserted that the forms of atomic structure in nuclear physics, the genetic code in molecular biology, the eight-tier matrix in linear algebra, all seem to be related to the logic of the Yijing. These arguments seem to be motivated at least in part by Chinese national pride.
Liu, Zheng (1993). ‘The Dilemma Facing Contemporary Research in the I-ching’. Chinese Studies in Philosophy 24.4 (Summer).
Smith, Richard J. (1998). The Place of the Yijing (Classic of Changes) in World Culture: Some Historical and Contemporary Perspectives’. Journal of Chinese Philosophy (Winter): 391–422
Tang, Mingbang (1987). ‘Recent Developments in Studies of the Book of Changes’. Chinese Studies in Philosophy (Fall): 46–63.

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • YIJING — [YI TSING] (635 713) Le dernier des grands pèlerins bouddhistes chinois, qui emprunta la route maritime pour gagner l’Inde. Né au Zhili (Hebei), près de Pékin, Yijing entre en religion à sept ans; à quinze ans, il décide de se rendre dans la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Yijing — 1 Original name in latin Yijing Name in other language I ching, I ching ts un, I ching ts’un, Yijing, Yijing Xiang, yi jing, yi jing xiang State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai longitude 39.6393 latitude 113.21403 altitude 994 Population 0… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Yijing — or I Ching (Chinese; Book of Changes ) Ancient Chinese text, one of the Five Classics of Confucianism. The main body of the work, traditionally attributed to Wenwang, contains a discussion of the divinatory system used by wizards in the Zhou… …   Universalium

  • Yijing — Das I Ging (chin. 易經 / 易经, yì jīng, W. G. I Ching, auch: I Jing, Yi Ching, Yi King), das „Buch der Wandlungen“ oder „Klassiker der Wandlungen“ ist der älteste der klassischen chinesischen Texte. Das Buch ist auch als Chou I (周易, Zhōu Yì) bekannt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yijing Holiday Hotel — (Zhongxiang,Китай) Категория отеля: Адрес: No.10, Anlufu Middle Road, 431900 Z …   Каталог отелей

  • Yijing (Mönch) — Ungefähre Reiseroute von Yì Jìng Yì Jìng oder I Tsing (Yijing, Yiqing, I Ching) (chin. 義淨 / 义淨, Yì Jìng, chin. 三藏法師義淨 / 藏法师义淨, sān zàng fǎ shī yì jìng; * 635; † 713) war ein buddhistischer Mönch, der zur Zeit der Tang Dynasti …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yijing — Yi Jing Pour les articles homonymes, voir Yi Jing (homonymie). Le Yi Jing est souvent imagé par le Taijitu entouré des trigram …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Battle of Yijing — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Yijing partof=the wars of the Three Kingdoms caption= date=198 March 199 place=Yijing, Hebei, China casus= territory= result=Yuan Shao victory combatant1=Yuan Shao combatant2=Gongsun Zan Heishan… …   Wikipedia

  • Yi king — Yijing ou Yi king recueil de textes classiques chinois (V. jing) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • И цзин — (Yijing, кит. I Ching Книга перемен), др. кит. кн., одна из пяти классич. книг конфуцианства. Первоначально это была кн. по гаданию, но в эпоху династии Хань (206 г. до н.э. 220 г. н.э.) ее буквальное содержание было переосмыслено в универсальную …   Народы и культуры

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”